Saturday, January 21, 2012
In October 1943 Bose established the Provisional Government of Azad Hind (Free India). The provisional government immediately declared war on the
United States and Britain,
and in January it located its capital in Japanese-occupied Yangon ( Rangoon), .
Meanwhile, Bose worked diligently to promote harmony between Hindus, Muslims,
and Sikhs within his army and continued his radio broadcasts to Burma . India
n early 1944 Bose induced the Japanese to invade
. Japanese and INA forces
in March, advancing to the outskirts of Imphal in the northeast. There, they
besieged the British garrison until the beginning of the monsoon rains in June.
The rainy season prevented further attack and gave the British time to
reinforce their positions, and the British were able to turn back the invading
army. In May 1945 the INA surrendered in India Yangon.
Bose escaped, making his way eventually to Japanese-occupied Saigon (now ). When Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Japan announced its surrender in August, Bose
fled Southeast Asia.
n the winter of 1945 the British put captured INA officers on trial for treason. Prominent Indian nationalist lawyers, including the leader of the Congress at that time, Jawaharlal Nehru, eloquently defended the accused. The INA officers became public heroes in
and received suspended
sentences. After the trial, some Indian troops serving in the British military
mutinied, further weakening India Britain's
hold on .
In 1947, within two years of Bose's death, India India
won its independence from . Britain