Saturday, January 21, 2012

Subhas Chandra

Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against the British Raj in India, and a general of the Imperial Japanese armyTsunamasa Shidei were reported to be flying to Tokyo, Japan when the alleged plane crash occurred at Matsuyama aerodrome (now Songshan Airport) in Taipei, northern Formosa (now the Republic of China, or Taiwan). After cremation, Bose's ashes were taken to Japan and interred at the Renkōji Temple in Tokyo.[1] The news was withheld by the Japanese government for five days before it was announced by Japanese news agency Domei.[2] The Allied forces took the Japanese news as a ploy. The then Viceroy of India, Field Marshal Archibald Wavell, is reported to have noted in his diary that "I wonder if the Japanese announcement of Subhash Chandra Bose's death in an air-crash is true. I suspect it very much, it is just what should be given out if he meant to go underground."
A newspaper clip reporting the death of Netaji and General Shidei
The matter was looked into by several allied intelligence teams and soon holes in the Japanese version became apparent.
The findings of the intelligence teams seem to have not confirmed the Japanese announcement. For as late as October 1946, the Government of British India refused to confirm the death of Bose.
After India's independence, the matter was looked into by three official panels formed by the government of India following the public demands. These panels were: Shah Nawaz Committee, Justice GD Khosla Commission & Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry. The Shah Nawaz Committee upheld the Taiwan crash version,[citation needed] as did the Justice GD Khosla Commission,[citation needed] whereas the Mukherjee Commission negated it.
However, it has also been alleged at various times that the Indian government and political leadership was aware that Bose may have been alive, and according to one theory, in captivity in Soviet Union, but chose to ignore or actively collaborate to suppress this information after Independence.

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