Tuesday, February 19, 2013

WWI - Gadar Parry and Singapore Mutiny in British Army by Indian soldiers in 1915

The 1915 Singapore Mutiny, also known as the 1915 Sepoy Mutiny, or Mutiny of the 5th Native Light Infantry was a mutiny involving up to half of 850 sepoys (Indian soldiers) against the British in Singapore during the First World War, linked with the 1915 Ghadar Conspiracy. The mutiny, on 15 February 1915, lasted nearly seven days and resulted in the deaths of 47 British soldiers and local civilians, before it was finally quelled by British forces and Allied naval detachments. It was an event that not only caught the British off-guard but also shook the foundation of British rule in Singapore.

The Ghadar party (Ghadar is an Urdu/Punjabi word for “mutiny” or “rebellion”) was formed in the United States in 1913 by Har Dayal, with the aim of ousting the British from India, by armed revolution. The Ghadrites anticipated that Indian soldiers posted overseas would ally with them in their cause, and actively targeted them with propaganda, encouraging them to mutiny against the British.

*'The public executions of convicted sepoy mutineers at Outram Road, Singapore, c. March 1915.'

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